OCCURRENCE

Sizing Ocean Giants

Última versión Publicado por Southwestern Pacific Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS) Node en 1 de febrero de 2021 Southwestern Pacific Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS) Node
What are the greatest sizes that the largest marine megafauna obtain? This is a simple question with a difficult and complex answer. Many of the largest-sized species occur in the world’s oceans. For many of these, rarity, remoteness, and quite simply the logistics of measuring these giants has made obtaining accurate size measurements difficult. Inaccurate reports of maximum sizes run rampant through the scientific literature and popular media. Moreover, how intraspecific variation in the body sizes of these animals relates to sex, population structure, the environment, and interactions with humans remains underappreciated. Here, we review and analyze body size for 25 ocean giants ranging across the animal kingdom. For each taxon we document body size for the largest known marine species ... Más

Descripción

What are the greatest sizes that the largest marine megafauna obtain? This is a simple question with a difficult and complex answer. Many of the largest-sized species occur in the world’s oceans. For many of these, rarity, remoteness, and quite simply the logistics of measuring these giants has made obtaining accurate size measurements difficult. Inaccurate reports of maximum sizes run rampant through the scientific literature and popular media. Moreover, how intraspecific variation in the body sizes of these animals relates to sex, population structure, the environment, and interactions with humans remains underappreciated. Here, we review and analyze body size for 25 ocean giants ranging across the animal kingdom. For each taxon we document body size for the largest known marine species of several clades. We also analyze intraspecific variation and identify the largest known individuals for each species. Where data allows, we analyze spatial and temporal intraspecific size variation. We also provide allometric scaling equations between different size measurements as resources to other researchers. In some cases, the lack of data prevents us from fully examining these topics and instead we specifically highlight these deficiencies and the barriers that exist for data collection. Overall, we found considerable variability in intraspecific size distributions from strongly left- to strongly right-skewed. We provide several allometric equations that allow for estimation of total lengths and weights from more easily obtained measurements. In several cases, we also quantify considerable geographic variation and decreases in size likely attributed to humans.

Registros

Los datos en este recurso de registros biológicos han sido publicados como Archivo Darwin Core(DwC-A), el cual es un formato estándar para compartir datos de biodiversidad como un conjunto de una o más tablas de datos. La tabla de datos del core contiene 4.563 registros.

también existen 1 tablas de datos de extensiones. Un registro en una extensión provee información adicional sobre un registro en el core. El número de registros en cada tabla de datos de la extensión se ilustra a continuación.

  • Occurrence (core)
    4563
  • MeasurementOrFact 
    7826

Este IPT archiva los datos y, por lo tanto, sirve como repositorio de datos. Los datos y los metadatos del recurso están disponibles para su descarga en la sección descargas. La tabla versiones enumera otras versiones del recurso que se han puesto a disposición del público y permite seguir los cambios realizados en el recurso a lo largo del tiempo.

Descargas

Descargue la última versión de los datos como un Archivo Darwin Core (DwC-A) o los metadatos como EML o RTF:

Datos como un archivo DwC-A descargar 4.563 registros en Inglés (248 kB) - Frecuencia de actualización: no planeado
Metadatos como un archivo EML descargar en Inglés (16 kB)
Metadatos como un archivo RTF descargar en Inglés (11 kB)

Versiones

La siguiente tabla muestra sólo las versiones publicadas del recurso que son de acceso público.

¿Cómo referenciar?

Los usuarios deben citar este trabajo de la siguiente manera:

McClain CR, Balk MA, Benfield MC, Branch TA, Chen C, Cosgrove J, Dove ADM, Gaskins LC, Helm R, Hochberg FG, Lee FB, Marshall A, McMurray SE, Schanche C, Stone SN, Thaler AD (2015) Data from: Sizing ocean giants: patterns of intraspecific size variation in marine megafauna. Southwestern Pacific OBIS, National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research (NIWA), Wellington, New Zealand, 4563 records, Online http://nzobisipt.niwa.co.nz/resource.do?r=sizinggiants released on February 1, 2017.

Derechos

Los usuarios deben respetar los siguientes derechos de uso:

El publicador y propietario de los derechos de este trabajo es Southwestern Pacific Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS) Node. To the extent possible under law, the publisher has waived all rights to these data and has dedicated them to the Public Domain (CC0 1.0). Users may copy, modify, distribute and use the work, including for commercial purposes, without restriction.

Registro GBIF

Este recurso ha sido registrado en GBIF con el siguiente UUID: 833a0adc-c1f0-45a2-9970-8cf9bf171d30.  Southwestern Pacific Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS) Node publica este recurso, y está registrado en GBIF como un publicador de datos avalado por Ocean Biodiversity Information System.

Palabras clave

Occurrence; Observation

Contactos

¿Quién creó el recurso?:

Craig McClain
Principal Investigator
Department of Biology, Duke University
Durham
North Carolina
US

¿Quién puede resolver dudas acerca del recurso?:

Craig McClain
Principal Investigator
Department of Biology, Duke University
Durham
North Carolina
US

¿Quién documentó los metadatos?:

Kevin Mackay
Marine Database Manager
NIWA
Private Bag 14-901
6241 Kilbirnie
Wellington
NZ
http://www.niwa.co.nz

¿Quién más está asociado con el recurso?:

Autor
Meghan A. Balk
Co-author
Department of Biology, University of New Mexico
Albuquerque
New Mexico
US
Autor
Mark C. Benfield
Co-author
Department of Oceanography and Coastal Sciences, Louisiana State University
Baton Rouge
Louisiana
US
Autor
Trevor A. Branch
Co-author
School of Aquatic & Fishery Sciences, University of Washington
Seattle
Washington
US
Autor
Catherine Chen
Co-author
Department of Biology, Duke University
Durham
North Carolina
US
Autor
James Cosgrove
Co-author
Natural History Section, Royal British Columbia Museum
Victoria
British Columbia
CA
Autor
Alistair D. M. Dove
Co-author
Georgia Aquarium
Atlanta
Georgia
US
Autor
Leo Gaskins
Co-author
Department of Biology, Duke University
Durham
North Carolina
US
Autor
Rebecca R. Helm
Co-author
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Brown University
Providence
Rhode Island
US
Autor
Frederick G. Hochberg
Co-author
Department of Invertebrate Zoology, Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History
Santa Barbara
California
US
Autor
Frank B. Lee
Co-author
Department of Biology, Duke University
Durham
North Carolina
US
Autor
Andrea Marshall
Co-author
Marine Megafauna Foundation
Truckee
California
US
Autor
Steven E. McMurray
Co-author
Department of Biology and Marine Biology, University of North Carolina Wilmington
Wilmington
North Carolina
US
Autor
Caroline Schanche
Co-author
Department of Biology, Duke University
Durham
North Carolina
US
Autor
Shane N. Stone
Co-author
Department of Biology, Duke University
Durham
North Carolina
US
Autor
Andrew D. Thaler
Co-author
Blackbeard Biologic: Science and Environmental Advisors
Vallejo
California
US

Cobertura geográfica

Global extent

Coordenadas límite Latitud Mínima Longitud Mínima [-61,93, -178,33], Latitud Máxima Longitud Máxima [60,9, 178,022]

Cobertura taxonómica

No hay descripción disponible

Especie  Architeuthis dux,  Enteroctopus dofleini,  Cetorhinus maximus,  Dermochelys coriacea,  Bathynomus giganteus,  Mola mola

Referencias bibliográficas

  1. McClain CR, Balk MA, Benfield MC, Branch TA, Chen C, Cosgrove J, Dove ADM, Gaskins LC, Helm R, Hochberg FG, Lee FB, Marshall A, McMurray SE, Schanche C, Stone SN, Thaler AD (2015) Sizing ocean giants: patterns of intraspecific size variation in marine megafauna. Peer J 3: e715. doi:10.5061/dryad.411mv
  2. McClain CR, Balk MA, Benfield MC, Branch TA, Chen C, Cosgrove J, Dove ADM, Gaskins LC, Helm R, Hochberg FG, Lee FB, Marshall A, McMurray SE, Schanche C, Stone SN, Thaler AD (2015) Data from: Sizing ocean giants: patterns of intraspecific size variation in marine megafauna. Dryad Digital Repository. http://dx.doi.org/10.5061/dryad.411mv

Metadatos adicionales

marine, harvested by iOBIS

Identificadores alternativos 833a0adc-c1f0-45a2-9970-8cf9bf171d30
https://nzobisipt.niwa.co.nz/resource?r=sizinggiants