OCCURRENCE

Sizing Ocean Giants

最新版本 由 Southwestern Pacific Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS) Node 發佈於 2021年2月1日 Southwestern Pacific Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS) Node
What are the greatest sizes that the largest marine megafauna obtain? This is a simple question with a difficult and complex answer. Many of the largest-sized species occur in the world’s oceans. For many of these, rarity, remoteness, and quite simply the logistics of measuring these giants has made obtaining accurate size measurements difficult. Inaccurate reports of maximum sizes run rampant through the scientific literature and popular media. Moreover, how intraspecific variation in the body sizes of these animals relates to sex, population structure, the environment, and interactions with humans remains underappreciated. Here, we review and analyze body size for 25 ocean giants ranging across the animal kingdom. For each taxon we document body size for the largest known marine species ... 增加顯示內容

說明

What are the greatest sizes that the largest marine megafauna obtain? This is a simple question with a difficult and complex answer. Many of the largest-sized species occur in the world’s oceans. For many of these, rarity, remoteness, and quite simply the logistics of measuring these giants has made obtaining accurate size measurements difficult. Inaccurate reports of maximum sizes run rampant through the scientific literature and popular media. Moreover, how intraspecific variation in the body sizes of these animals relates to sex, population structure, the environment, and interactions with humans remains underappreciated. Here, we review and analyze body size for 25 ocean giants ranging across the animal kingdom. For each taxon we document body size for the largest known marine species of several clades. We also analyze intraspecific variation and identify the largest known individuals for each species. Where data allows, we analyze spatial and temporal intraspecific size variation. We also provide allometric scaling equations between different size measurements as resources to other researchers. In some cases, the lack of data prevents us from fully examining these topics and instead we specifically highlight these deficiencies and the barriers that exist for data collection. Overall, we found considerable variability in intraspecific size distributions from strongly left- to strongly right-skewed. We provide several allometric equations that allow for estimation of total lengths and weights from more easily obtained measurements. In several cases, we also quantify considerable geographic variation and decreases in size likely attributed to humans.

資料紀錄

此資源出現紀錄的資料已發佈為達爾文核心集檔案(DwC-A),其以一或多組資料表構成分享生物多樣性資料的標準格式。 核心資料表包含 4,563 筆紀錄。

亦存在 1 筆延伸集的資料表。延伸集中的紀錄補充核心集中紀錄的額外資訊。 每個延伸集資料表中資料筆數顯示如下。

  • Occurrence (核心)
    4563
  • MeasurementOrFact 
    7826

此 IPT 存放資料以提供資料儲存庫服務。資料與資源的詮釋資料可由「下載」單元下載。「版本」表格列出此資源的其它公開版本,以便利追蹤其隨時間的變更。

下載

下載最新版本的 Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A) 資源,或資源詮釋資料的 EML 或 RTF 文字檔。

DwC-A資料集 下載 4,563 紀錄 在 English 中 (248 kB) - 更新頻率: 無計畫更新
元數據EML檔 下載 在 English 中 (16 kB)
元數據RTF文字檔 下載 在 English 中 (11 kB)

版本

以下的表格只顯示可公開存取資源的已發布版本。

如何引用

研究者應依照以下指示引用此資源。:

McClain CR, Balk MA, Benfield MC, Branch TA, Chen C, Cosgrove J, Dove ADM, Gaskins LC, Helm R, Hochberg FG, Lee FB, Marshall A, McMurray SE, Schanche C, Stone SN, Thaler AD (2015) Data from: Sizing ocean giants: patterns of intraspecific size variation in marine megafauna. Southwestern Pacific OBIS, National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research (NIWA), Wellington, New Zealand, 4563 records, Online http://nzobisipt.niwa.co.nz/resource.do?r=sizinggiants released on February 1, 2017.

權利

研究者應尊重以下權利聲明。:

此資料的發布者及權利單位為 Southwestern Pacific Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS) Node。 To the extent possible under law, the publisher has waived all rights to these data and has dedicated them to the Public Domain (CC0 1.0). Users may copy, modify, distribute and use the work, including for commercial purposes, without restriction.

GBIF 註冊

此資源已向GBIF註冊,並指定以下之GBIF UUID: 833a0adc-c1f0-45a2-9970-8cf9bf171d30。  Southwestern Pacific Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS) Node 發佈此資源,並經由Ocean Biodiversity Information System同意向GBIF註冊成為資料發佈者。

關鍵字

Occurrence; Observation

聯絡資訊

資源建立者:

Craig McClain
Principal Investigator
Department of Biology, Duke University
Durham
North Carolina
US

可回覆此資源相關問題者:

Craig McClain
Principal Investigator
Department of Biology, Duke University
Durham
North Carolina
US

元數據填寫者:

Kevin Mackay
Marine Database Manager
NIWA
Private Bag 14-901
6241 Kilbirnie
Wellington
NZ
http://www.niwa.co.nz

與此資源的相關者:

作者
Meghan A. Balk
Co-author
Department of Biology, University of New Mexico
Albuquerque
New Mexico
US
作者
Mark C. Benfield
Co-author
Department of Oceanography and Coastal Sciences, Louisiana State University
Baton Rouge
Louisiana
US
作者
Trevor A. Branch
Co-author
School of Aquatic & Fishery Sciences, University of Washington
Seattle
Washington
US
作者
Catherine Chen
Co-author
Department of Biology, Duke University
Durham
North Carolina
US
作者
James Cosgrove
Co-author
Natural History Section, Royal British Columbia Museum
Victoria
British Columbia
CA
作者
Alistair D. M. Dove
Co-author
Georgia Aquarium
Atlanta
Georgia
US
作者
Leo Gaskins
Co-author
Department of Biology, Duke University
Durham
North Carolina
US
作者
Rebecca R. Helm
Co-author
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Brown University
Providence
Rhode Island
US
作者
Frederick G. Hochberg
Co-author
Department of Invertebrate Zoology, Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History
Santa Barbara
California
US
作者
Frank B. Lee
Co-author
Department of Biology, Duke University
Durham
North Carolina
US
作者
Andrea Marshall
Co-author
Marine Megafauna Foundation
Truckee
California
US
作者
Steven E. McMurray
Co-author
Department of Biology and Marine Biology, University of North Carolina Wilmington
Wilmington
North Carolina
US
作者
Caroline Schanche
Co-author
Department of Biology, Duke University
Durham
North Carolina
US
作者
Shane N. Stone
Co-author
Department of Biology, Duke University
Durham
North Carolina
US
作者
Andrew D. Thaler
Co-author
Blackbeard Biologic: Science and Environmental Advisors
Vallejo
California
US

地理涵蓋範圍

Global extent

界定座標範圍 緯度南界 經度西界 [-61.93, -178.33], 緯度北界 經度東界 [60.9, 178.022]

分類群涵蓋範圍

無相關描述

Species  Architeuthis dux,  Enteroctopus dofleini,  Cetorhinus maximus,  Dermochelys coriacea,  Bathynomus giganteus,  Mola mola

引用文獻

  1. McClain CR, Balk MA, Benfield MC, Branch TA, Chen C, Cosgrove J, Dove ADM, Gaskins LC, Helm R, Hochberg FG, Lee FB, Marshall A, McMurray SE, Schanche C, Stone SN, Thaler AD (2015) Sizing ocean giants: patterns of intraspecific size variation in marine megafauna. Peer J 3: e715. doi:10.5061/dryad.411mv
  2. McClain CR, Balk MA, Benfield MC, Branch TA, Chen C, Cosgrove J, Dove ADM, Gaskins LC, Helm R, Hochberg FG, Lee FB, Marshall A, McMurray SE, Schanche C, Stone SN, Thaler AD (2015) Data from: Sizing ocean giants: patterns of intraspecific size variation in marine megafauna. Dryad Digital Repository. http://dx.doi.org/10.5061/dryad.411mv

額外的詮釋資料

marine, harvested by iOBIS

替代的識別碼 833a0adc-c1f0-45a2-9970-8cf9bf171d30
https://nzobisipt.niwa.co.nz/resource?r=sizinggiants