Polychaeta and Oligochaeta of the Auckland and Campbell Islands, New Zealand, 1941-1945

Dernière version Publié par Southwestern Pacific Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS) Node le Apr 30, 2020 Southwestern Pacific Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS) Node

This report is based on the collections of specimens and data in the Auckland and Campbell Islands in the years 1941-45. Early in 1941, coast-watching stations were established at Port Ross, Carnley Harbour, and Perseverance Harbour, and the personnel of from three to five men at each were relieved once a year. Standing instructions issued by the Navy Office included a recommendation that the men should, in addition to service routine, record general observations on natural phenomena. This report is regarded as of the Cape Expedition which was the war-time code name for parties in the field between 1941 and 1945.

The marine worms in this dataset come from 17 species. Marine worms had been described from the results of gatherings in two previous expeditions to these Subantarctic Islands. The first of these contains a report of 18 species by Mortensen based on a 1907 expedition; the second reported on 55 species by Augener in 1925. In this dataset, there is one species not hitherto recorded.

The land worms collected represent only nine species belonging to seven genera. One of which is living in freshwater. The comparative smallness of the collection reflects that fact that expedition members had other matters to attend to. The majority of the specimens were preserved in alcohol, but several containers had apparently been neglected and the original preservative had not been changed, so that the creatures were in a state unfit for identification.

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Comment citer

Les chercheurs doivent citer cette ressource comme suit:

Benham W B (2020): Polychaeta and Oligochaeta of the Auckland and Campbell Islands, New Zealand, 1941-1945. v1.1. Southwestern Pacific Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS) Node. Dataset/Occurrence. https://nzobisipt.niwa.co.nz/resource?r=campauckpolycheataoligochaeta&v=1.1

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L’éditeur et détenteur des droits de cette ressource est Southwestern Pacific Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS) Node. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 License.

Enregistrement GBIF

Cette ressource a été enregistrée sur le portail GBIF, et possède l'UUID GBIF suivante : d4bc99fa-705a-48fe-b4c3-248729a532de.  Southwestern Pacific Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS) Node publie cette ressource, et est enregistré dans le GBIF comme éditeur de données avec l'approbation du Ocean Biodiversity Information System.

Mots-clé

Occurrence; Observation

Contacts

Personne ayant créé cette ressource:

W. B. Benham
Professor Emeritus of Biology
University of Otago NZ

Personne pouvant répondre aux questions sur la ressource:

W. B. Benham
Professor Emeritus of Biology
University of Otago NZ

Personne ayant renseigné les métadonnées:

W. B. Benham
Professor Emeritus of Biology
University of Otago NZ

Couverture géographique

Auckland and Campbell Islands, New Zealand

Enveloppe géographique Sud Ouest [-52.61, 165.941], Nord Est [-50.489, 169.267]

Couverture taxonomique

Polychaeta and Oligochaeta

Class  Polychaeta,  Clitellata

Couverture temporelle

Date de début / Date de fin 1941-01-01 / 1945-01-01

Données sur le projet

The Cape Expedition was the deliberately misleading name given to a secret five-year wartime program of establishing coastwatching stations on New Zealand’s more distant uninhabited subantarctic islands. The decision to do so was made by the New Zealand Government's War Cabinet in December 1940, with the program terminating at the end of the Pacific War in 1945.

Titre Cape Expedition
Description du domaine d'étude / de recherche Three stations were established, at Ranui Cove in Port Ross at the northern end, and at Carnley Harbour at the southern end, of Auckland Island, and at Perseverance Harbour, Campbell Island. The stations were small, with four men (increased to five in the second year) at each. At first the coastwatchers were civilians, but all were attested as privates in the New Zealand Army from December 1942. The stations consisted of portable prefabricated huts with double plywood walls and double windows. Each station also had a dinghy with an outboard motor. Because it was understood that resupplying them could be problematic and sporadic, the stations were provided with three years' supply of food, clothing and other consumables. A larger vessel, the 57-ton MV Ranui with a crew of four, was based at Waterfall Inlet in the Aucklands to serve as a link between the stations and, in an emergency, the outside world.
Description du design Although no enemy ships were sighted during the duration of the program, the secondary work carried out by the coastwatchers proved successful. From June 1942 the stations began reporting weather conditions daily; the reports were so valuable that in the third year of the program trained meteorologists joined the relief parties. Surveyors, geologists and naturalists also became part of the program, during the fourth and fifth years of which a special party of three completed the survey of the island groups. When the coastwatchers were demobilised on 15 October 1945 and withdrawn, the Campbell Island station was retained as part of New Zealand's weather forecasting service. Many of the scientific results garnered through the work of the Cape Expedition's coastwatchers were later published by the New Zealand Department of Scientific and Industrial Research in its Cape Expedition Series of bulletins. Ornithologist and museum director Robert Falla had been involved in organising the expedition.

Les personnes impliquées dans le projet:

Robert Falla

Citations bibliographiques

  1. Benham, W.B. (1950) Polychaeta and Oligochaeta of the Auckland and Campbell Islands, Cape Expedition Series, Bulletin No. 10, 35pp.

Métadonnées additionnelles

marine, harvested by iOBIS

Identifiants alternatifs d4bc99fa-705a-48fe-b4c3-248729a532de
https://nzobisipt.niwa.co.nz/resource?r=campauckpolycheataoligochaeta