OCCURRENCE

Polychaeta and Oligochaeta of the Auckland and Campbell Islands, New Zealand, 1941-1945

最新版本 由 Southwestern Pacific Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS) Node 發佈於 2020年4月30日 Southwestern Pacific Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS) Node
This report is based on the collections of specimens and data in the Auckland and Campbell Islands in the years 1941-45. Early in 1941, coast-watching stations were established at Port Ross, Carnley Harbour, and Perseverance Harbour, and the personnel of from three to five men at each were relieved once a year. Standing instructions issued by the Navy Office included a recommendation that the men should, in addition to service routine, record general observations on natural phenomena. This report is regarded as of the Cape Expedition which was the war-time code name for parties in the field between 1941 and 1945.... 增加顯示內容

說明

This report is based on the collections of specimens and data in the Auckland and Campbell Islands in the years 1941-45. Early in 1941, coast-watching stations were established at Port Ross, Carnley Harbour, and Perseverance Harbour, and the personnel of from three to five men at each were relieved once a year. Standing instructions issued by the Navy Office included a recommendation that the men should, in addition to service routine, record general observations on natural phenomena. This report is regarded as of the Cape Expedition which was the war-time code name for parties in the field between 1941 and 1945.

The marine worms in this dataset come from 17 species. Marine worms had been described from the results of gatherings in two previous expeditions to these Subantarctic Islands. The first of these contains a report of 18 species by Mortensen based on a 1907 expedition; the second reported on 55 species by Augener in 1925. In this dataset, there is one species not hitherto recorded.

The land worms collected represent only nine species belonging to seven genera. One of which is living in freshwater. The comparative smallness of the collection reflects that fact that expedition members had other matters to attend to. The majority of the specimens were preserved in alcohol, but several containers had apparently been neglected and the original preservative had not been changed, so that the creatures were in a state unfit for identification.

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如何引用

研究者應依照以下指示引用此資源。:

Benham W B (2020): Polychaeta and Oligochaeta of the Auckland and Campbell Islands, New Zealand, 1941-1945. v1.1. Southwestern Pacific Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS) Node. Dataset/Occurrence. https://nzobisipt.niwa.co.nz/resource?r=campauckpolycheataoligochaeta&v=1.1

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此資料的發布者及權利單位為 Southwestern Pacific Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS) Node。 This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 License.

GBIF 註冊

此資源已向GBIF註冊,並指定以下之GBIF UUID: d4bc99fa-705a-48fe-b4c3-248729a532de。  Southwestern Pacific Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS) Node 發佈此資源,並經由Ocean Biodiversity Information System同意向GBIF註冊成為資料發佈者。

關鍵字

Occurrence; Observation

聯絡資訊

資源建立者:

W. B. Benham
Professor Emeritus of Biology
University of Otago
NZ

可回覆此資源相關問題者:

W. B. Benham
Professor Emeritus of Biology
University of Otago
NZ

元數據填寫者:

W. B. Benham
Professor Emeritus of Biology
University of Otago
NZ

地理涵蓋範圍

Auckland and Campbell Islands, New Zealand

界定座標範圍 緯度南界 經度西界 [-52.61, 165.941], 緯度北界 經度東界 [-50.489, 169.267]

分類群涵蓋範圍

Polychaeta and Oligochaeta

Class  Polychaeta,  Clitellata

時間涵蓋範圍

起始日期 / 結束日期 1941-01-01 / 1945-01-01

計畫資料

The Cape Expedition was the deliberately misleading name given to a secret five-year wartime program of establishing coastwatching stations on New Zealand’s more distant uninhabited subantarctic islands. The decision to do so was made by the New Zealand Government's War Cabinet in December 1940, with the program terminating at the end of the Pacific War in 1945.

計畫名稱 Cape Expedition
研究區域描述 Three stations were established, at Ranui Cove in Port Ross at the northern end, and at Carnley Harbour at the southern end, of Auckland Island, and at Perseverance Harbour, Campbell Island. The stations were small, with four men (increased to five in the second year) at each. At first the coastwatchers were civilians, but all were attested as privates in the New Zealand Army from December 1942. The stations consisted of portable prefabricated huts with double plywood walls and double windows. Each station also had a dinghy with an outboard motor. Because it was understood that resupplying them could be problematic and sporadic, the stations were provided with three years' supply of food, clothing and other consumables. A larger vessel, the 57-ton MV Ranui with a crew of four, was based at Waterfall Inlet in the Aucklands to serve as a link between the stations and, in an emergency, the outside world.
研究設計描述 Although no enemy ships were sighted during the duration of the program, the secondary work carried out by the coastwatchers proved successful. From June 1942 the stations began reporting weather conditions daily; the reports were so valuable that in the third year of the program trained meteorologists joined the relief parties. Surveyors, geologists and naturalists also became part of the program, during the fourth and fifth years of which a special party of three completed the survey of the island groups. When the coastwatchers were demobilised on 15 October 1945 and withdrawn, the Campbell Island station was retained as part of New Zealand's weather forecasting service. Many of the scientific results garnered through the work of the Cape Expedition's coastwatchers were later published by the New Zealand Department of Scientific and Industrial Research in its Cape Expedition Series of bulletins. Ornithologist and museum director Robert Falla had been involved in organising the expedition.

參與計畫的人員:

Robert Falla

引用文獻

  1. Benham, W.B. (1950) Polychaeta and Oligochaeta of the Auckland and Campbell Islands, Cape Expedition Series, Bulletin No. 10, 35pp.

額外的詮釋資料

marine, harvested by iOBIS

替代的識別碼 d4bc99fa-705a-48fe-b4c3-248729a532de
https://nzobisipt.niwa.co.nz/resource?r=campauckpolycheataoligochaeta