The Marine Fauna of New Zealand. Squat lobsters (Crustacea, Decapoda, Chirostyloidea)

最新バージョン The National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research (NIWA) によって公開 Apr 15, 2021 The National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research (NIWA)

Marine squat lobsters belonging to the two superfamilies, Galatheoidea Samouelle, 1819 and Chirostyloidea Ortmann, 1892, are conspicuous elements of marine environments at most latitudes and depths. Current global diversity estimates stand at around 1300 species of galatheoids and 345 hirostyloids. The rate of discovery has not decreased in recent years; a recent book on squat lobster biology highlighted gaps in regional inventories of species, citing the New Zealand region as an example.

All species of superfamily Chirostyloidea of the New Zealand Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) are reviewed and inventoried from new and historical collections and revised where necessary. Collections within the National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research (NIWA) Invertebrate Collection (NIC), the Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa (NMNZ), Auckland War Memorial Museum Tāmaki Paenga Hira (AKM), and the Australian Museum (AM), have yielded well over 1700 catalogued specimens, some of which are from the Australian EEZ and International Waters, and from depths ranging from 20 to 2340 m. This work provides the first comprehensive monographic account of the New Zealand Chirostyloidea, spanning nearly 150 years of collections (1874–2017).

Prior to this study, 38 species from two of the four families of the Chirostyloidea were known from the New Zealand region. The New Zealand chirostyloid fauna now covers three of the four families (except Kiwaidae) and comprises 86 species in eight genera: Chirostylus Ortmann, 1892, Gastroptychus Caullery, 1896, Heteroptychus Baba, 2018, Uroptychodes Baba, 2004, Uroptychus Henderson, 1888, Eumunida Smith, 1883, PseudomunidaHaig, 1979 and Sternostylus Baba, Ahyong & Schnabel, 2018. Uroptychus nitidus (A. Milne-Edwards, 1880) is herein designated type species for the genus. Twenty-six species are new to science and 23 represent new distribution records. All available material is examined and listed, all species are illustrated, and diagnoses and keys are provided. A wider phylogenetic study of the group is under way but preliminary results of DNA barcoding are used as a molecular taxonomy tool and discussed.

Chirostyloidea are typically associated with other macroinvertebrates, most commonly with large antipatharians or alcyonaceans and occasionally sponges, which are usually concentrated on marine habitats such as seamounts or deep-sea ridges. Some of their life history characteristics (abbreviated larval stages for three of the four families) and their evident resource-association have been linked to increased range restrictions and potentially higher rates of diversification than for galatheoids.

As expected, the New Zealand chirostyloid fauna shows a close biogeographic affinity with that of the tropical south-west Pacific and eastern Australia. A few species are widespread in the Indo-West Pacific and over 40% are currently considered endemic. Results of the present study demonstrate a considerably higher species richness than previously known for the New Zealand EEZ, more than doubling the known fauna of the region. Many global regions remain entirely or partially unstudied, implying that a huge potential for species discovery remains. The New Zealand region is comparatively well-sampled, although some areas remain unstudied. It is suspected that only a small number of species might be added to the regional chirostyloid diversity in the future. Major work remains, however, with the inventory of outstanding Galatheoidea squat lobsters.

データ レコード

この オカレンス(観察データと標本) リソース内のデータは、1 つまたは複数のデータ テーブルとして生物多様性データを共有するための標準化された形式であるダーウィン コア アーカイブ (DwC-A) として公開されています。 コア データ テーブルには、704 レコードが含まれています。

この IPT はデータをアーカイブし、データ リポジトリとして機能します。データとリソースのメタデータは、 ダウンロード セクションからダウンロードできます。 バージョン テーブルから公開可能な他のバージョンを閲覧でき、リソースに加えられた変更を知ることができます。

ダウンロード

DwC-A形式のリソース データまたは EML / RTF 形式のリソース メタデータの最新バージョンをダウンロード:

DwC ファイルとしてのデータ ダウンロード 704 レコード English で (59 KB) - 更新頻度: not planned
EML ファイルとしてのメタデータ ダウンロード English で (9 KB)
RTF ファイルとしてのメタデータ ダウンロード English で (9 KB)

バージョン

次の表は、公にアクセス可能な公開バージョンのリソースのみ表示しています。

引用方法

研究者はこの研究内容を以下のように引用する必要があります。:

Schnabel K (2021): The Marine Fauna of New Zealand. Squat lobsters (Crustacea, Decapoda, Chirostyloidea). v1.3. The National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research (NIWA). Dataset/Occurrence. https://nzobisipt.niwa.co.nz/resource?r=nz_chirostylidae_memoir&v=1.3

権利

研究者は権利に関する下記ステートメントを尊重する必要があります。:

パブリッシャーとライセンス保持者権利者は The National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research (NIWA)。 This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 License.

GBIF登録

このリソースをはGBIF と登録されており GBIF UUID: 55ecd075-54bc-48a2-80c3-578b6f329a32が割り当てられています。   GBIF New Zealand によって承認されたデータ パブリッシャーとして GBIF に登録されているThe National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research (NIWA) が、このリソースをパブリッシュしました。

キーワード

Occurrence; Specimen

連絡先

リソースを作成した人:

Kareen Schnabel
Marine Biologist
National Institute of Water & Atmospheric Research Private Bag 14-901 6241 Kilbirnie Wellington NZ

リソースに関する質問に答えることができる人:

Kareen Schnabel
Marine Biologist
National Institute of Water & Atmospheric Research Private Bag 14-901 6241 Kilbirnie Wellington NZ

メタデータを記載した人:

Kareen Schnabel
Marine Biologist
National Institute of Water & Atmospheric Research Private Bag 14-901 6241 Kilbirnie Wellington NZ

地理的範囲

New Zealand waters and South Pacific Ocean

座標(緯度経度) 南 西 [-56.25, -174.55], 北 東 [-16.65, 147.12]

書誌情報の引用

  1. SCHNABEL, K.E. The Marine Fauna of New Zealand. Squat lobsters (Crustacea, Decapoda, Chirostyloidea) / by Kareen E. Schnabel—Wellington: NIWA (National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research), 2020 (NIWA Biodiversity Memoir, ISSN 1174-0043; 132)

追加のメタデータ

marine, harvested by iOBIS

代替識別子 https://nzobisipt.niwa.co.nz/resource?r=nz_chirostylidae_memoir