Catalogue and description of the coccolithophores (Haptophyta, Coccolithophyceae), calcareous, scale-bearing microalgae, in New Zealand waters

最新版本 由 The National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research (NIWA) 發佈於 Apr 15, 2021 The National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research (NIWA)

This dataset is from the first volume in the NIWA Biodiversity Memoir (NBM) series that addresses photosynthetic organisms, cataloguing the wonderful diversity of coccolithophores in New Zealand waters.

A checklist is presented of living, calcareous, scale-bearing microalgae previously recorded from the New Zealand region; it contains 80 species, plus three different life-cycle forms of two of these species. Studies of this group of microalgae, based on 160 samples collected from 10 ocean-going surveys between January 2009 and February 2012, revealed a total of 50 named individual groups of microalgae (taxa), with two taxa as first records for the region (Cyrtosphaera lecaliae Kleijne, 1992, and Syracosphaera azureaplaneta Young et al., 2018, both recorded here for the first time). The 50 taxa recorded in this study are illustrated in the Memoir with 157 scanning electron micrographs in 29 plates. Of the 50 taxa presented in this monograph, 45 were placed in a group characterised by having calcareous scales of variable shape and size that are formed inside the cell (heterococcolithophores), while three taxa (with one being transferred to to the family Syracosphaeraceae) were placed in another group characterised by having numerous minute crystallite scales that appear to be calcified outside the cell (holococcolithophores). Two of the first group also had forms showing characteristics of both groups. Forty-two taxa from the first group were placed in seven families in the four orders: Coccolithales, Isochrysidales, Syracosphaerales and Zygodiscales, and five taxa in four families of uncertain taxonomic position. Three holococcolithophore taxa were placed in the family Calyptrosphaeraceae. Emiliania huxleyi was the most plentiful and widespread taxon. On three occasions, in spring 2009 and two consecutive summers in 2011 and 2012, this species formed massive blooms off the central east coast of New Zealand, two of which (spring 2009 and summer 2011) were visible in NASA’s satellite observations. Seven other relatively widespread species recorded here were: Reticulofenestra parvula, Umbellosphaera tenuis type II, Syracosphaera molischii, Syracosphaera anthos, Gephyrocapsa ericsonii, Syracosphaera mediterranea, and Calcidiscus leptoporus. In spring 2009 Reticulofenestra parvula was the second species found in bloom proportion (up to 571,000 cells l-1), but the bloom was limited to Kaikoura on the east coast of New Zealand. In this study the genus Syracosphaera was the largest group, with 17 species and one life-cycle form of one of these species, which made up about 36% of all living coccolithophores identified. Most of the other genera, however, did not have many species and occurred in very limited areas. This work provides a diagnostic description of all 50 living coccolithophores identified in New Zealand waters, using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and gives information on cell abundances and distribution in the New Zealand region.

Data Records

The data in this sampling event resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 143 records. 2 extension data tables also exist. An extension record supplies extra information about a core record. The number of records in each extension data table is illustrated below.

  • Event (核心)
    143
  • Occurrence 
    505
  • ExtendedMeasurementOrFact 
    427

This IPT archives the data and thus serves as the data repository. The data and resource metadata are available for download in the downloads section. The versions table lists other versions of the resource that have been made publicly available and allows tracking changes made to the resource over time.

下載

下載最新版本的Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A)資源,或資源元數據的EML或RTF文字檔。

DwC-A資料集 下載 143 紀錄 在 English 中 (21 KB) - Update frequency: 無計畫更新
元數據EML檔 下載 在 English 中 (8 KB)
元數據RTF文字檔 下載 在 English 中 (9 KB)

版本

The table below shows only published versions of the resource that are publicly accessible.

如何引用

研究者應依照以下指示引用此資源。:

Chang H (2020): Catalogue and description of the coccolithophores (Haptophyta, Coccolithophyceae), calcareous, scale-bearing microalgae, in New Zealand waters. v1.3. The National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research (NIWA). Dataset/Samplingevent. https://nzobisipt.niwa.co.nz/resource?r=nz_coccolithosphore&v=1.3

Rights

研究者應尊重以下權利聲明。:

The publisher and rights holder of this work is The National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research (NIWA). This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 License.

GBIF 註冊

此資源已向GBIF註冊,並指定以下之GBIF UUID: fc05a931-fdbc-4a77-9a13-2487418d60d5。  The National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research (NIWA) 發佈此資源,並經由GBIF New Zealand同意向GBIF註冊成為資料發佈者。

關鍵字

Samplingevent

聯絡資訊

資源建立者:

Hoe Chang
Coasts and Oceans National Centre
National Institute of Water & Atmospheric Research Private Bag 14-901 6241 Kilbirnie Wellington NZ

可回覆此資源相關問題者:

Hoe Chang
Coasts and Oceans National Centre
National Institute of Water & Atmospheric Research Private Bag 14-901 6241 Kilbirnie Wellington NZ

元數據填寫者:

Hoe Chang
Coasts and Oceans National Centre
National Institute of Water & Atmospheric Research Private Bag 14-901 6241 Kilbirnie Wellington NZ

地理涵蓋範圍

New Zealand waters

界定座標範圍 緯度南界 經度西界 [-51.3, -179.267], 緯度北界 經度東界 [-17.75, 148.748]

引用文獻

  1. CHANG, F.H. The Marine Biota of New Zealand. Catalogue and description of the coccolithophores (Haptophyta, Coccolithophyceae), calcareous, scale-bearing microalgae, in New Zealand waters / by F. Hoe Chang—Wellington: NIWA (National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research), 2019 (NIWA Biodiversity Memoir, ISSN 1174–0043; 131)

額外的元數據

marine, harvested by iOBIS

替代的識別碼 fc05a931-fdbc-4a77-9a13-2487418d60d5
https://nzobisipt.niwa.co.nz/resource?r=nz_coccolithosphore