Echinoderms from the subantarctic islands of New Zealand: Asteroidea, Ophiuroidea, and Echinoidea, Cape Expedition, 1941-1945

Versão mais recente publicado por Southwestern Pacific Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS) Node em May 14, 2020 Southwestern Pacific Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS) Node

This report is based on the collections of specimens and data in the Auckland and Campbell Islands in the years 1941-45. Early in 1941, coast-watching stations were established at Port Ross, Carnley Harbour, and Perseverance Harbour, and the personnel of from three to five men at each were relieved once a year. Standing instructions issued by the Navy Office included a recommendation that the men should, in addition to service routine, record general observations on natural phenomena. This report is regarded as of the Cape Expedition which was the war-time code name for parties in the field between 1941 and 1945.

The Subantarctic Islands of New Zealand comprise five groups, all standing upon the New Zealand submarine plateau. They share an echinoderm fauna which presents many resemblances to that of the New Zealand mainland, though possessing distinctive features of its own. Of the five groups on the plateau, two - namely the Auckland Islands and Campbell Island - were visited by Th. Mortensen in 1914, and as a result of his studies, together with some previous work, notably that of Farquhar (1898) and Benham (1909), the faunal relationships above noted were fairly clear. This data set collected by the Cape Expedition consolidated and confirmed all of Mortensens conclusions and supplemented them with fresh data from the Snare and the Antipodes groups.

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Fell H B (2020): Echinoderms from the subantarctic islands of New Zealand: Asteroidea, Ophiuroidea, and Echinoidea, Cape Expedition, 1941-1945. v1.0. Southwestern Pacific Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS) Node. Dataset/Occurrence. https://nzobisipt.niwa.co.nz/resource?r=nzsubantechinoderms&v=1.0

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O editor e o detentor dos direitos deste trabalho é Southwestern Pacific Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS) Node. To the extent possible under law, the publisher has waived all rights to these data and has dedicated them to the Public Domain (CC0 1.0). Users may copy, modify, distribute and use the work, including for commercial purposes, without restriction.

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Este recurso foi registrado no GBIF e atribuído ao seguinte GBIF UUID: 50965b5c-b6ac-4cea-9c73-1afe5bb0ec91.  Southwestern Pacific Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS) Node publica este recurso, e está registrado no GBIF como um publicador de dados aprovado por Ocean Biodiversity Information System.

Palavras-chave

Occurrence; Observation

Contatos

Quem criou esse recurso:

H. Barraclough Fell
Professor
Victoria University of Wellington Wellington NZ

Quem pode responder a perguntas sobre o recurso:

H. Barraclough Fell
Professor
Victoria University of Wellington Wellington NZ

Quem preencher os metadados:

H. Barraclough Fell
Professor
Victoria University of Wellington Wellington NZ

Cobertura Geográfica

Subantarctic islands of New Zealand: Auckland Islands, Snares Island, Campbell Island; and Bounty Islands

Coordenadas delimitadoras Sul Oeste [-52.6, 166], Norte Leste [-47.7, 180]

Cobertura Taxonômica

Asteroidea, Ophiuroidea, and Echinoidea

Class  Asteroidea,  Ophiuroidea,  Echinoidea

Cobertura Temporal

Data Inicial / Data final 1941-01-01 / 1950-11-30

Dados Sobre o Projeto

The Cape Expedition was the deliberately misleading name given to a secret five-year wartime program of establishing coastwatching stations on New Zealand’s more distant uninhabited subantarctic islands. The decision to do so was made by the New Zealand Government's War Cabinet in December 1940, with the program terminating at the end of the Pacific War in 1945.

Título Cape Expedition
Descrição da Área de Estudo Three stations were established, at Ranui Cove in Port Ross at the northern end, and at Carnley Harbour at the southern end, of Auckland Island, and at Perseverance Harbour, Campbell Island. The stations were small, with four men (increased to five in the second year) at each. At first the coastwatchers were civilians, but all were attested as privates in the New Zealand Army from December 1942. The stations consisted of portable prefabricated huts with double plywood walls and double windows. Each station also had a dinghy with an outboard motor. Because it was understood that resupplying them could be problematic and sporadic, the stations were provided with three years' supply of food, clothing and other consumables. A larger vessel, the 57-ton MV Ranui with a crew of four, was based at Waterfall Inlet in the Aucklands to serve as a link between the stations and, in an emergency, the outside world.
Descrição do Design Three stations were established, at Ranui Cove in Port Ross at the northern end, and at Carnley Harbour at the southern end, of Auckland Island, and at Perseverance Harbour, Campbell Island. The stations were small, with four men (increased to five in the second year) at each. At first the coastwatchers were civilians, but all were attested as privates in the New Zealand Army from December 1942. The stations consisted of portable prefabricated huts with double plywood walls and double windows. Each station also had a dinghy with an outboard motor. Because it was understood that resupplying them could be problematic and sporadic, the stations were provided with three years' supply of food, clothing and other consumables. A larger vessel, the 57-ton MV Ranui with a crew of four, was based at Waterfall Inlet in the Aucklands to serve as a link between the stations and, in an emergency, the outside world.

O pessoal envolvido no projeto:

Robert Falla
W. H. Dawbin
R. W. Balham
R. K. Dell
J. S. Jones
C. A. Fleming

Citações bibliográficas

  1. Fell, H.B. (1953). Echinoderms from the subantarctic islands of New Zealand: Asteroidea, Ophiuroidea, and Echinoidea. Records of the Dominion Museum 2: 73-111. 2 plates.

Metadados Adicionais

marine, harvested by iOBIS

Identificadores alternativos https://nzobisipt.niwa.co.nz/resource?r=nzsubantechinoderms