Echinoderms from the subantarctic islands of New Zealand: Asteroidea, Ophiuroidea, and Echinoidea, Cape Expedition, 1941-1945

Dernière version Publié par Southwestern Pacific Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS) Node le May 14, 2020 Southwestern Pacific Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS) Node

This report is based on the collections of specimens and data in the Auckland and Campbell Islands in the years 1941-45. Early in 1941, coast-watching stations were established at Port Ross, Carnley Harbour, and Perseverance Harbour, and the personnel of from three to five men at each were relieved once a year. Standing instructions issued by the Navy Office included a recommendation that the men should, in addition to service routine, record general observations on natural phenomena. This report is regarded as of the Cape Expedition which was the war-time code name for parties in the field between 1941 and 1945.

The Subantarctic Islands of New Zealand comprise five groups, all standing upon the New Zealand submarine plateau. They share an echinoderm fauna which presents many resemblances to that of the New Zealand mainland, though possessing distinctive features of its own. Of the five groups on the plateau, two - namely the Auckland Islands and Campbell Island - were visited by Th. Mortensen in 1914, and as a result of his studies, together with some previous work, notably that of Farquhar (1898) and Benham (1909), the faunal relationships above noted were fairly clear. This data set collected by the Cape Expedition consolidated and confirmed all of Mortensens conclusions and supplemented them with fresh data from the Snare and the Antipodes groups.

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Fell H B (2020): Echinoderms from the subantarctic islands of New Zealand: Asteroidea, Ophiuroidea, and Echinoidea, Cape Expedition, 1941-1945. v1.0. Southwestern Pacific Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS) Node. Dataset/Occurrence. https://nzobisipt.niwa.co.nz/resource?r=nzsubantechinoderms&v=1.0

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Mots-clé

Occurrence; Observation

Contacts

Personne ayant créé cette ressource:

H. Barraclough Fell
Professor
Victoria University of Wellington Wellington NZ

Personne pouvant répondre aux questions sur la ressource:

H. Barraclough Fell
Professor
Victoria University of Wellington Wellington NZ

Personne ayant renseigné les métadonnées:

H. Barraclough Fell
Professor
Victoria University of Wellington Wellington NZ

Couverture géographique

Subantarctic islands of New Zealand: Auckland Islands, Snares Island, Campbell Island; and Bounty Islands

Enveloppe géographique Sud Ouest [-52.6, 166], Nord Est [-47.7, 180]

Couverture taxonomique

Asteroidea, Ophiuroidea, and Echinoidea

Class  Asteroidea,  Ophiuroidea,  Echinoidea

Couverture temporelle

Date de début / Date de fin 1941-01-01 / 1950-11-30

Données sur le projet

The Cape Expedition was the deliberately misleading name given to a secret five-year wartime program of establishing coastwatching stations on New Zealand’s more distant uninhabited subantarctic islands. The decision to do so was made by the New Zealand Government's War Cabinet in December 1940, with the program terminating at the end of the Pacific War in 1945.

Titre Cape Expedition
Description du domaine d'étude / de recherche Three stations were established, at Ranui Cove in Port Ross at the northern end, and at Carnley Harbour at the southern end, of Auckland Island, and at Perseverance Harbour, Campbell Island. The stations were small, with four men (increased to five in the second year) at each. At first the coastwatchers were civilians, but all were attested as privates in the New Zealand Army from December 1942. The stations consisted of portable prefabricated huts with double plywood walls and double windows. Each station also had a dinghy with an outboard motor. Because it was understood that resupplying them could be problematic and sporadic, the stations were provided with three years' supply of food, clothing and other consumables. A larger vessel, the 57-ton MV Ranui with a crew of four, was based at Waterfall Inlet in the Aucklands to serve as a link between the stations and, in an emergency, the outside world.
Description du design Three stations were established, at Ranui Cove in Port Ross at the northern end, and at Carnley Harbour at the southern end, of Auckland Island, and at Perseverance Harbour, Campbell Island. The stations were small, with four men (increased to five in the second year) at each. At first the coastwatchers were civilians, but all were attested as privates in the New Zealand Army from December 1942. The stations consisted of portable prefabricated huts with double plywood walls and double windows. Each station also had a dinghy with an outboard motor. Because it was understood that resupplying them could be problematic and sporadic, the stations were provided with three years' supply of food, clothing and other consumables. A larger vessel, the 57-ton MV Ranui with a crew of four, was based at Waterfall Inlet in the Aucklands to serve as a link between the stations and, in an emergency, the outside world.

Les personnes impliquées dans le projet:

Robert Falla
W. H. Dawbin
R. W. Balham
R. K. Dell
J. S. Jones
C. A. Fleming

Citations bibliographiques

  1. Fell, H.B. (1953). Echinoderms from the subantarctic islands of New Zealand: Asteroidea, Ophiuroidea, and Echinoidea. Records of the Dominion Museum 2: 73-111. 2 plates.

Métadonnées additionnelles

marine, harvested by iOBIS

Identifiants alternatifs https://nzobisipt.niwa.co.nz/resource?r=nzsubantechinoderms