Sizing Ocean Giants

Последняя версия опубликована Southwestern Pacific Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS) Node Aug 8, 2018 Southwestern Pacific Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS) Node

What are the greatest sizes that the largest marine megafauna obtain? This is a simple question with a difficult and complex answer. Many of the largest-sized species occur in the world’s oceans. For many of these, rarity, remoteness, and quite simply the logistics of measuring these giants has made obtaining accurate size measurements difficult. Inaccurate reports of maximum sizes run rampant through the scientific literature and popular media. Moreover, how intraspecific variation in the body sizes of these animals relates to sex, population structure, the environment, and interactions with humans remains underappreciated. Here, we review and analyze body size for 25 ocean giants ranging across the animal kingdom. For each taxon we document body size for the largest known marine species of several clades. We also analyze intraspecific variation and identify the largest known individuals for each species. Where data allows, we analyze spatial and temporal intraspecific size variation. We also provide allometric scaling equations between different size measurements as resources to other researchers. In some cases, the lack of data prevents us from fully examining these topics and instead we specifically highlight these deficiencies and the barriers that exist for data collection. Overall, we found considerable variability in intraspecific size distributions from strongly left- to strongly right-skewed. We provide several allometric equations that allow for estimation of total lengths and weights from more easily obtained measurements. In several cases, we also quantify considerable geographic variation and decreases in size likely attributed to humans.

Записи данных

Данные этого occurrence ресурса были опубликованы в виде Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), который является стандартным форматом для обмена данными о биоразнообразии в виде набора из одной или нескольких таблиц. Основная таблица данных содержит 4,563 записей. Также в наличии 1 таблиц с данными расширений. Записи расширений содержат дополнительную информацию об основной записи. Число записей в каждой таблице данных расширения показано ниже.

  • Occurrence (core)
    4563
  • MeasurementOrFact 
    7826

Данный экземпляр IPT архивирует данные и таким образом служит хранилищем (репозиторием) данных. Данные и метаданные ресурсов доступны для скачивания в разделе Загрузки. Перечень версий служит для отображения истории публикации версий данного ресурса.

Загрузки

Скачайте последнюю версию данных этого ресурса в формате Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A) или метаданных ресурса в форматах EML или RTF:

Данные в формате DwC-A Скачать 4,563 Записи в English (243 KB) - Частота обновления: not planned
Метаданные в формате EML Скачать в English (15 KB)
Метаданные в формате RTF Скачать в English (11 KB)

Версии

В таблице ниже указаны только опубликованные версии ресурса, которые доступны для свободного скачивания.

Как оформить ссылку

Исследователи должны дать ссылку на эту работу следующим образом:

McClain CR, Balk MA, Benfield MC, Branch TA, Chen C, Cosgrove J, Dove ADM, Gaskins LC, Helm R, Hochberg FG, Lee FB, Marshall A, McMurray SE, Schanche C, Stone SN, Thaler AD (2015) Data from: Sizing ocean giants: patterns of intraspecific size variation in marine megafauna. Southwestern Pacific OBIS, National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research (NIWA), Wellington, New Zealand, 4563 records, Online http://nzobisipt.niwa.co.nz/resource.do?r=sizinggiants released on February 1, 2017.

Права

Исследователи должны соблюдать следующие права:

Публикующей организацией и владельцем прав на данную работу является Southwestern Pacific Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS) Node. To the extent possible under law, the publisher has waived all rights to these data and has dedicated them to the Public Domain (CC0 1.0). Users may copy, modify, distribute and use the work, including for commercial purposes, without restriction.

Регистрация в GBIF

Этот ресурс был зарегистрирован в GBIF, ему был присвоен следующий UUID: 833a0adc-c1f0-45a2-9970-8cf9bf171d30.  Southwestern Pacific Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS) Node отвечает за публикацию этого ресурса, и зарегистрирован в GBIF как издатель данных при оподдержке Ocean Biogeographic Information System.

Ключевые слова

Occurrence; Observation

Контакты

Кто является создателем ресурса:

Craig McClain
Principal Investigator
Department of Biology, Duke University Durham North Carolina US

Кто может ответить на вопросы о ресурсе:

Craig McClain
Principal Investigator
Department of Biology, Duke University Durham North Carolina US

Кем заполнены метаданные:

Kevin Mackay
Marine Database Manager
NIWA Private Bag 14-901 6241 Kilbirnie Wellington NZ
http://www.niwa.co.nz

Кто еще связан с данным ресурсом:

Author
Meghan A. Balk
Co-author
Department of Biology, University of New Mexico Albuquerque New Mexico US
Author
Mark C. Benfield
Co-author
Department of Oceanography and Coastal Sciences, Louisiana State University Baton Rouge Louisiana US
Author
Trevor A. Branch
Co-author
School of Aquatic & Fishery Sciences, University of Washington Seattle Washington US
Author
Catherine Chen
Co-author
Department of Biology, Duke University Durham North Carolina US
Author
James Cosgrove
Co-author
Natural History Section, Royal British Columbia Museum Victoria British Columbia CA
Author
Alistair D. M. Dove
Co-author
Georgia Aquarium Atlanta Georgia US
Author
Lindsay C. Gaskins
Co-author
Department of Biology, Duke University Durham North Carolina US
Author
Rebecca R. Helm
Co-author
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Brown University Providence Rhode Island US
Author
Frederick G. Hochberg
Co-author
Department of Invertebrate Zoology, Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History Santa Barbara California US
Author
Frank B. Lee
Co-author
Department of Biology, Duke University Durham North Carolina US
Author
Andrea Marshall
Co-author
Marine Megafauna Foundation Truckee California US
Author
Steven E. McMurray
Co-author
Department of Biology and Marine Biology, University of North Carolina Wilmington Wilmington North Carolina US
Author
Caroline Schanche
Co-author
Department of Biology, Duke University Durham North Carolina US
Author
Shane N. Stone
Co-author
Department of Biology, Duke University Durham North Carolina US
Author
Andrew D. Thaler
Co-author
Blackbeard Biologic: Science and Environmental Advisors Vallejo California US

Географический охват

Global extent

Ограничивающие координаты Юг Запад [-61.93, -178.33], Север Восток [60.9, 178.022]

Таксономический охват

Описание отсутсвует

Species  Architeuthis dux,  Enteroctopus dofleini,  Cetorhinus maximus,  Dermochelys coriacea,  Bathynomus giganteus,  Mola mola

Библиографические ссылки

  1. McClain CR, Balk MA, Benfield MC, Branch TA, Chen C, Cosgrove J, Dove ADM, Gaskins LC, Helm R, Hochberg FG, Lee FB, Marshall A, McMurray SE, Schanche C, Stone SN, Thaler AD (2015) Sizing ocean giants: patterns of intraspecific size variation in marine megafauna. Peer J 3: e715. doi:10.5061/dryad.411mv
  2. McClain CR, Balk MA, Benfield MC, Branch TA, Chen C, Cosgrove J, Dove ADM, Gaskins LC, Helm R, Hochberg FG, Lee FB, Marshall A, McMurray SE, Schanche C, Stone SN, Thaler AD (2015) Data from: Sizing ocean giants: patterns of intraspecific size variation in marine megafauna. Dryad Digital Repository. http://dx.doi.org/10.5061/dryad.411mv

Дополнительные метаданные

marine, harvested by iOBIS

Альтернативные идентификаторы 833a0adc-c1f0-45a2-9970-8cf9bf171d30
https://nzobisipt.niwa.co.nz/resource?r=sizinggiants