OCCURRENCE

Southern right whales wintering in the Auckland Islands, 1995-1998

最新版本 由 Southwestern Pacific Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS) Node 發佈於 2019年12月29日 Southwestern Pacific Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS) Node
Historically, southern right whales were widely distributed in New Zealand waters. This population, was driven to commercial extinction following extensive exploitation during the early 19th century (Dawbin 1986). It was further depleted by illegal Soviet hunting in 1950-1970 (Tormosov et al. 1998). While right whale sightings around mainland New Zealand remain rare, up to 165 whales can be found at the Auckland Is in a single day during winter. Despite what appears to be adequate habitat along the eastern coastline, the whales' distribution is largely limited to Port Ross, Laurie Harbour and waters around Enderby I. The relatively small area where so many whales congregate means that at peak season the density of whales at the Auckland Is is very high (approximately 8 whales/km2). The res... 增加顯示內容

說明

Historically, southern right whales were widely distributed in New Zealand waters. This population, was driven to commercial extinction following extensive exploitation during the early 19th century (Dawbin 1986). It was further depleted by illegal Soviet hunting in 1950-1970 (Tormosov et al. 1998). While right whale sightings around mainland New Zealand remain rare, up to 165 whales can be found at the Auckland Is in a single day during winter. Despite what appears to be adequate habitat along the eastern coastline, the whales' distribution is largely limited to Port Ross, Laurie Harbour and waters around Enderby I. The relatively small area where so many whales congregate means that at peak season the density of whales at the Auckland Is is very high (approximately 8 whales/km2). The residency period extends from at least early May to at least the end of September, with peak numbers in July and August.

資料紀錄

此資源出現紀錄的資料已發佈為達爾文核心集檔案(DwC-A),其以一或多組資料表構成分享生物多樣性資料的標準格式。 核心資料表包含 546 筆紀錄。

此 IPT 存放資料以提供資料儲存庫服務。資料與資源的詮釋資料可由「下載」單元下載。「版本」表格列出此資源的其它公開版本,以便利追蹤其隨時間的變更。

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DwC-A資料集 下載 546 紀錄 在 English 中 (19 kB) - 更新頻率: 無計畫更新
元數據EML檔 下載 在 English 中 (7 kB)
元數據RTF文字檔 下載 在 English 中 (11 kB)

版本

以下的表格只顯示可公開存取資源的已發布版本。

如何引用

研究者應依照以下指示引用此資源。:

Patenaude N (2019): Southern right whales wintering in the Auckland Islands, 1995-1998. v1.0. Southwestern Pacific Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS) Node. Dataset/Occurrence. https://nzobisipt.niwa.co.nz/resource?r=southernrightwhales_auck&v=1.0

權利

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此資料的發布者及權利單位為 Southwestern Pacific Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS) Node。 This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 License.

GBIF 註冊

此資源尚未向GBIF註冊

關鍵字

Occurrence

聯絡資訊

資源建立者:

Nathalie Patenaude
Researcher
School of Biological Sciences, University of Auckland
Auckland
NZ

可回覆此資源相關問題者:

Nathalie Patenaude
Researcher
School of Biological Sciences, University of Auckland
Auckland
NZ

元數據填寫者:

Nathalie Patenaude
Researcher
School of Biological Sciences, University of Auckland
Auckland
NZ

地理涵蓋範圍

Auckland Islands

界定座標範圍 緯度南界 經度西界 [-50.611, 166.124], 緯度北界 經度東界 [-50.456, 166.385]

分類群涵蓋範圍

Southern right whale

Species  Eubalaena australis

時間涵蓋範圍

起始日期 / 結束日期 1995-08-01 / 1998-08-31

取樣方法

In order to determine the minimum number of southern right whales visiting the Auckland Is each winter, combined non-systematic small boat and shore-based surveys of right whales were conducted within Port Ross and surrounding areas. The boat surveys were conducted along the centre-line of the harbour, and visibility (during most surveys) allowed scanning to the extent of both coastlines. Simultaneously, other observers conducted shore-based counts from several elevated vantage points on Enderby and Auckland Is.

研究範圍 Port Ross, Laurie Harbour and waters around Enderby Island, Auckland Islands, New Zealand

方法步驟描述:

  1. During these surveys, a sighting was considered to include only one individual unless more than one individual could be counted at the surface within one and a half whale body lengths. Thus these censuses represent a minimum estimate of the number of whales observed on each occasion
  2. For all observations, an animal was judged to be a calf when the portion visible at the surface was less than half of the length of an accompanying adult. The accompanying adult was assumed to be the cow.

引用文獻

  1. Patenaude, NJ., 2000. Southern right whales wintering in the Auckland Islands. Conservation Advisory Science Notes No. 321, Department of Conservation, Wellington. https://www.doc.govt.nz/globalassets/documents/science-and-technical/casn321.pdf

額外的詮釋資料

marine, harvested by iOBIS