Biological records from the U.S Antarctic Service Expedition, 1939-41

Última versión Publicado por Southwestern Pacific Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS) Node en Mar 19, 2019 Southwestern Pacific Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS) Node

The United States Antarctic Service Expedition (1939–1941), often referred to as Byrd’s Third Antarctic Expedition, was an expedition jointly sponsored by the United States Navy, State Department, Department of the Interior and The Treasury. Although a U.S.-government sponsored expedition, additional support came from donations and gifts by private citizens, corporations and institutions.

Rear Admiral Richard Evelyn Byrd donated many of the supplies that he had gathered for his own expedition, the largest item being the Bear of Oakland, commissioned the USS Bear. A second ship, the USMS North Star, a 1434-ton wooden ice ship built for the Bureau of Indian Affairs was supplied by the Department of the Interior.

A total of 125 men departed from the United States in the two ships of the United States Antarctic Service Expedition. Most of the men who made up the expedition were solicited from the military ranks, civilian agencies of government and scientific institutions. A few volunteers were employed by the Department of the Interior for $10 per month, food and clothing included. A total of 59 men, divided initially into three groups, wintered in Antarctica.

The objectives of the expedition were outlined in an order from President Franklin D. Roosevelt dated November 25, 1939. The President wanted two bases to be established: East Base, in the vicinity of Charcot Island or Alexander I Land, or on Marguerite Bay if no accessible site could be found on either of the specified islands; and West Base, in the vicinity of King Edward VII Land, but if this proved impossible, a site on the Bay of Whales at or near Little America was to be investigated, and delineation of the continental coast line between the meridians 72 degrees W., and 148 degrees W. In view of the broad scope of the objectives and the unpredictable circumstances that always arise in Antarctica, it is remarkable that most of the objectives set for them were met.

Observations were conducted in every conceivable area: seismic, cosmic ray, auroral, biological, tidal, magnetic and physiological to name a few. All in all, it was an extremely successful expedition.

With international tensions on the rise, it was considered wise to evacuate the two bases rather than relieve the present personnel with new men who would continue to occupy the bases. It was hoped that one day this base would be reoccupied so much of the equipment and supplies were left behind as the two ships sailed from West Base on February 1, 1941. The evacuation of East Base was concluded on March 22 and both ships sailed immediately. The USMS North Star arrived in Boston on May 5 and the USS Bear on May 18.

Registros

Los datos en este registros biológicos recurso han sido publicados como Archivo Darwin Core(DwC-A), el cual es un formato estándar para compartir datos de biodiversidad como un conjunto de una o más tablas de datos. La tabla de datos del core contiene 165 registros.

Este IPT archiva los datos, sirviendo así como repositorio de datos. Los datos y metadatos están disponibles para descargar en la sección de descargas. La tabla de versiones muestra otras versiones del recurso que se han hecho accesibles al público y permite el seguimiento de los cambios hechos al recurso en el tiempo.

Descargas

Descargue la última versión de los datos como un Archivo Darwin Core (DwC-A) o los metadatos como EML o RTF:

Datos como un archivo DwC-A descargar 165 registros en Inglés (16 KB) - Frecuencia de actualización: no planeado
Metadatos como un archivo EML descargar en Inglés (8 KB)
Metadatos como un archivo RTF descargar en Inglés (8 KB)

Versiones

La siguiente tabla muestra sólo las versiones publicadas del recurso que son de acceso público.

¿Cómo referenciar?

Los usuarios deben citar este trabajo de la siguiente manera:

SWPRON (2019): Biological records from the U.S Antarctic Service Expedition, 1939-41. v1.1. Southwestern Pacific Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS) Node. Dataset/Occurrence. https://nzobisipt.niwa.co.nz/resource?r=usase&v=1.1

Derechos

Los usuarios deben respetar los siguientes derechos de uso:

El publicador y propietario de los derechos de este trabajo es Southwestern Pacific Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS) Node. To the extent possible under law, the publisher has waived all rights to these data and has dedicated them to the Public Domain (CC0 1.0). Users may copy, modify, distribute and use the work, including for commercial purposes, without restriction.

Registro GBIF

Este recurso no ha sido registrado en GBIF

Palabras Clave

Occurrence; Observation

Contactos

¿Quién creó el recurso?:

Kevin Mackay
Marine Database Manager
NIWA Private Bag 14-901 6241 Kilbirnie Wellington NZ

¿Quién puede resolver dudas acerca del recurso?:

Kevin Mackay
Marine Database Manager
NIWA Private Bag 14-901 6241 Kilbirnie Wellington NZ

¿Quién documentó los metadatos?:

Kevin Mackay
Marine Database Manager
NIWA Private Bag 14-901 6241 Kilbirnie Wellington NZ

¿Quién más está asociado con el recurso?:

Usuario
Kevin Mackay

Cobertura Geográfica

Bay of Whales, Ross Sea and Palmer Peninsula, Antarctica

Coordenadas límite Latitud Mínima Longitud Mínima [-79, -168], Latitud Máxima Longitud Máxima [-60, -60]

Referencias Bibliográficas

  1. Reports on scientific results of the United States Antarctic service expedition 1939–41 (Proceedings of the American philosophical society, Vol. 89, No. 1, April 1945) https://doi.org/10.1080/00049184608702259

Metadatos Adicionales

marine, harvested by iOBIS

Identificadores Alternativos https://nzobisipt.niwa.co.nz/resource?r=usase