Biogeography of near-shore reef fishes in northern New Zealand

Latest version published by Southwestern Pacific Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS) Node on 16 February 2019 Southwestern Pacific Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS) Node

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Species composition and richness of near-shore reef fish faunas around northern New Zealand were examined at different spatial scales. This comparison indicated a primary subdivision of faunas into three regional biogeographic groups: western North Island coast; north-eastern North Island coast and offshore islands; and Three Kings Islands. The western North Island reef fish fauna had low species richness, a predominance of widespread species over warm temperate species, and lacked subtropical and tropical species. North-eastern North Island and Three Kings faunas were richer, and incorporated mixes of widespread, warm temperate, subtropical, and rare tropical fish. Some frequent north-eastern North Island species were absent or rare in the Three Kings fauna; conversely, some species that were frequent at the Three Kings, including the restricted endemic Odax cyanoallix, were rare on the north-eastern North Island coast. The reef fish fauna of north-eastern Northland was further subdivided into three ecological-biogeographic subgroups, representing species assemblages of: headlands and islands strongly influenced by oceanic watermasses; open coasts predominantly influenced by coastal watermasses; and harbours and sheltered bays. Overall species richness and numbers of subtropical-tropical species were highest in the first subgroup, intermediate in the second, and lowest in the last-mentioned. The species assemblages of harbours and sheltered bays in north-eastern Northland had similar composition and richness to harbour and exposed open coast assemblages in western Northland.

Data Records

The data in this occurrence resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 4,570 records.

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How to cite

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

F. J. Brook (2002). Data from: Biogeography of near‐shore reef fishes in northern New Zealand. Southwestern OBIS, National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research (NIWA), Wellington, New Zealand, 4370 records, Online http://nzobisipt.niwa.co.nz/resource.do?r=nearshorereeffishes released on September 28, 2015.


Researchers should respect the following rights statement:

The publisher and rights holder of this work is Southwestern Pacific Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS) Node. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY 4.0) License.

GBIF Registration

This resource has been registered with GBIF, and assigned the following GBIF UUID: b347bebc-bdf4-45f8-bed2-79a544f32a9d.  Southwestern Pacific Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS) Node publishes this resource, and is itself registered in GBIF as a data publisher endorsed by Ocean Biodiversity Information System.


Occurrence; Observation


F.J. Brook
  • Originator
  • Point Of Contact
Department of Conservation
P.O. Box 842
Kevin Mackay
  • Metadata Provider
Marine Data Manager
Private Bag 14-901
6241 Kilbirnie

Geographic Coverage

Northern New Zealnd

Bounding Coordinates South West [-39.05, 172.043], North East [-34.135, 175.44]

Bibliographic Citations

  1. F. J. Brook (2002) Biogeography of near‐shore reef fishes in northern New Zealand, Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand, 32:2, 243-274, DOI: 10.1080/03014223.2002.9517694

Additional Metadata

marine, harvested by iOBIS

Alternative Identifiers b347bebc-bdf4-45f8-bed2-79a544f32a9d