Fishes from the Auckland and Campbell Islands, Cape Expedition, 1942-1944

Latest version published by Southwestern Pacific Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS) Node on May 14, 2020 Southwestern Pacific Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS) Node

This report is based on the collections of specimens and data in the Auckland and Campbell Islands in the years 1942-44. Early in 1941, coast-watching stations were established at Port Ross, Carnley Harbour, and Perseverance Harbour, and the personnel of from three to five men at each were relieved once a year. Standing instructions issued by the Navy Office included a recommendation that the men should, in addition to service routine, record general observations on natural phenomena. This report is regarded as of the Cape Expedition which was the war-time code name for parties in the field between 1941 and 1945.

A small collection of fishes was brought back by the Cape Expedition, 1942-44. The 34 specimens examined belonged to six species all previously recorded from this region, with the expection of Limnicthys rendalli n.sp., which was considered a new species.

Data Records

The data in this occurrence resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 19 records.

This IPT archives the data and thus serves as the data repository. The data and resource metadata are available for download in the downloads section. The versions table lists other versions of the resource that have been made publicly available and allows tracking changes made to the resource over time.

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Data as a DwC-A file download 19 records in English (6 KB) - Update frequency: not planned
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Metadata as an RTF file download in English (9 KB)

Versions

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How to cite

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

Parrott A (2020): Fishes from the Auckland and Campbell Islands, Cape Expedition, 1942-1944. v1.1. Southwestern Pacific Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS) Node. Dataset/Occurrence. https://nzobisipt.niwa.co.nz/resource?r=obisschemafishesauckcampisl&v=1.1

Rights

Researchers should respect the following rights statement:

The publisher and rights holder of this work is Southwestern Pacific Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS) Node. To the extent possible under law, the publisher has waived all rights to these data and has dedicated them to the Public Domain (CC0 1.0). Users may copy, modify, distribute and use the work, including for commercial purposes, without restriction.

GBIF Registration

This resource has been registered with GBIF, and assigned the following GBIF UUID: 6340b935-a382-455c-9588-30f46d9b021a.  Southwestern Pacific Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS) Node publishes this resource, and is itself registered in GBIF as a data publisher endorsed by Ocean Biogeographic Information System.

Keywords

Occurrence; Observation

Contacts

Who created the resource:

Arthur Parrott
Author
Canterbury Museum NZ

Who can answer questions about the resource:

Arthur Parrott
Author
Canterbury Museum NZ

Who filled in the metadata:

Arthur Parrott
Author
Canterbury Museum NZ

Geographic Coverage

Auckland and Campbell Islands, New Zealand

Bounding Coordinates South West [-52.61, 165.941], North East [-50.489, 169.267]

Taxonomic Coverage

Fishes

Class  Actinopterygii

Temporal Coverage

Start Date / End Date 1942-01-01 / 1944-12-31

Project Data

The Cape Expedition was the deliberately misleading name given to a secret five-year wartime program of establishing coastwatching stations on New Zealand’s more distant uninhabited subantarctic islands. The decision to do so was made by the New Zealand Government's War Cabinet in December 1940, with the program terminating at the end of the Pacific War in 1945.

Title Cape Expedition
Study Area Description Three stations were established, at Ranui Cove in Port Ross at the northern end, and at Carnley Harbour at the southern end, of Auckland Island, and at Perseverance Harbour, Campbell Island. The stations were small, with four men (increased to five in the second year) at each. At first the coastwatchers were civilians, but all were attested as privates in the New Zealand Army from December 1942. The stations consisted of portable prefabricated huts with double plywood walls and double windows. Each station also had a dinghy with an outboard motor. Because it was understood that resupplying them could be problematic and sporadic, the stations were provided with three years' supply of food, clothing and other consumables. A larger vessel, the 57-ton MV Ranui with a crew of four, was based at Waterfall Inlet in the Aucklands to serve as a link between the stations and, in an emergency, the outside world.
Design Description Although no enemy ships were sighted during the duration of the program, the secondary work carried out by the coastwatchers proved successful. From June 1942 the stations began reporting weather conditions daily; the reports were so valuable that in the third year of the program trained meteorologists joined the relief parties. Surveyors, geologists and naturalists also became part of the program, during the fourth and fifth years of which a special party of three completed the survey of the island groups. When the coastwatchers were demobilised on 15 October 1945 and withdrawn, the Campbell Island station was retained as part of New Zealand's weather forecasting service. Many of the scientific results garnered through the work of the Cape Expedition's coastwatchers were later published by the New Zealand Department of Scientific and Industrial Research in its Cape Expedition Series of bulletins. Ornithologist and museum director Robert Falla had been involved in organising the expedition.

The personnel involved in the project:

Robert Falla
E.W. Mitchell

Bibliographic Citations

  1. Parrott, A.W. (1958) Fishes from the Auckland and Campbell Islands, Records of the Dominion Museum, Vol. 3, Pt. 2, pg. 109-119

Additional Metadata

marine, harvested by iOBIS

Alternative Identifiers 6340b935-a382-455c-9588-30f46d9b021a
https://nzobisipt.niwa.co.nz/resource?r=obisschemafishesauckcampisl