Biological data from the Soviet Antarctic Expedition (1955-1958)

Latest version published by Southwestern Pacific Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS) Node on Aug 8, 2018 Southwestern Pacific Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS) Node

The marine program of the Soviet Antarctic Expedition was carried out on board the diesel-turbine powered "Ob" (1955-1958) as part of the International Geophysical Year. Supplementary material was also provided by the Antarctic station "Mirnyi" and the whalers "Slava" and "Sovetskaya Ukraina". Biological occurrence data was digitised from the "Biological Reports of the Soviet Antarctic Expedition (1955-1958)" Volumes 1-3. The First Soviet Antarctic Expedition was led by Mikhail Somov; his scientific deputy was V. G. Kort. The expedition lasted from 30 November 1955 to 1957 and involved 127 expedition members and 75 crew members. Three diesel-electric ships were used to transport the expedition. They were RV "Ob" (flagship; captain I. A. Man), RV "Lena" (captain A. I. Vetrov) and the refrigerator ship No. 7 (captain M. A. Tsygankov). The final ship was used only for transporting perishables. Ob and Lena were icebreakers 130m long and displacing 12,600 tons. On the 30 November 1955 the first ship ("Ob") left port at Kaliningrad. The principal task of the expedition was to organise the main base, Mirny, and perform limited scientific observations. Other tasks were reconnaissance of sites for the inland bases Vostok and Sovetskaya; and oceanography of the Indian ocean. The Second Soviet Antarctic Expedition was led by Aleksei Treshnikov on the continent; the marine expedition on the "Ob" was led by I. V. Maksimov. The "Ob" left Kaliningrad on 7 November, 1956. The Third Soviet Antarctic Expedition (1957–59) was led by Yevgeny Tolstikov on the continent; the marine expedition on the Ob was led by I V Maksimov. Two diesel-electric ships were used to transport the expedition. RV Ob (flagship; captain I A Man) and Kooperatsiya (captain A S Yantselevich), used mainly as a transport vessel. The ships arrived in Antarctica in November – December 1957. Together with the ships crews the expedition consisted of 445 men, of whom 183 were scheduled for wintering. The tasks of the expedition included oceanographic work on the Ob in the southern oceans.

Data Records

The data in this occurrence resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 2,386 records.

This IPT archives the data and thus serves as the data repository. The data and resource metadata are available for download in the downloads section. The versions table lists other versions of the resource that have been made publicly available and allows tracking changes made to the resource over time.

Downloads

Download the latest version of this resource data as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A) or the resource metadata as EML or RTF:

Data as a DwC-A file download 2,386 records in English (147 KB) - Update frequency: unknown
Metadata as an EML file download in English (7 KB)
Metadata as an RTF file download in English (7 KB)

Versions

The table below shows only published versions of the resource that are publicly accessible.

How to cite

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

SWPRON (2014): Biological data from the Soviet Antarctic Expedition (1955-1958). v1.1. Dataset/Occurrence. https://nzobisipt.niwa.co.nz/resource?r=soviet_ant_exp&v=1.1

Rights

Researchers should respect the following rights statement:

The publisher and rights holder of this work is Southwestern Pacific Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS) Node. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 License.

GBIF Registration

This resource has been registered with GBIF, and assigned the following GBIF UUID: e6dc3f1d-9ba3-41d2-a4ed-8e31e85cf617.  Southwestern Pacific Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS) Node publishes this resource, and is itself registered in GBIF as a data publisher endorsed by Ocean Biogeographic Information System.

Keywords

Occurrence; Observation

Contacts

Who created the resource:

Kevin Mackay
Marine Data Manager
NIWA Private Bag 14-901 Wellington NZ
http://www.niwa.co.nz

Who can answer questions about the resource:

Kevin Mackay
Marine Data Manager
NIWA Private Bag 14-901 Wellington NZ
http://www.niwa.co.nz

Who filled in the metadata:

Kevin Mackay
Marine Data Manager
NIWA Private Bag 14-901 Wellington NZ
http://www.niwa.co.nz

Geographic Coverage

Southern Ocean

Bounding Coordinates South West [-70.733, -175.2], North East [-0.867, 179.883]

Temporal Coverage

Start Date / End Date 1956-03-01 / 1965-02-17

Additional Metadata

marine, harvested by iOBIS

Alternative Identifiers e6dc3f1d-9ba3-41d2-a4ed-8e31e85cf617
https://nzobisipt.niwa.co.nz/resource?r=soviet_ant_exp